Nigeria’s 2015 Elections: Permanent Voter’s Cards, Smart Card Readers and Security Challenges

Voting time in any democracy always involves rigorous politicking. The
electioneering exercise in developed democracies tends to have less tension
in the polity than in many developing democracies which do witness some
hitches, mainly in issues of procedure and security. However, these problems
reduce with every subsequent election. Nigeria’s 2015 general elections were
no exception to such improvements as there were innovations in the Anti
Electoral Fraud Procedures (AEFP). The research in this work questions the
extent to which the AEFP prevented electoral malpractices in Nigeria’s 2015
general elections. It also assesses whether, given the security tension in the
country, the ratio of actual voter turnout to registered voter speaks of peace
in the electoral process. The research methodology adopted is an empirical
analysis of data from the Afrobarometer Round 6 survey assessing Nigerians’
perceptions of their electoral environment and of the level of preparedness of
the Independent Electoral Commission (INEC). INEC’s officially released
presidential election result is also critically interrogated. The relative
deprivation theory is used to analyse the causes of security challenges. The
conclusion is premised on the grounds that there were general improvements
in the 2015 general elections and recommendations were posited to the
Election Management Body (EMB), the government and the general masses.

File Type: pdf
Categories: Journal of African Elections
Tags: card reader, democracy, election, INEC, permanent voter’s card (PVC), urban violence
journal of african elections vol15 number 2 transparent democratic governance in africa