Making Democracy Work in Africa: From the Institutional to the Substantive

This paper argues that democracy can better facilitate and promote development
when it is transformed from the institutional level, where it was at the time of
transition, to the substantive level, where it is more likely to yield the ‘dividends
of democracy’ and become more relevant to the lives of ordinary citizens. This
transformative process at a minimum requires the institutionalisation of
participation/citizen empowerment, accountability and legitimacy. After making
the point that democracy and development are mutually reinforcing, the paper
examines how human rights and elections can be strengthened to serve these

File Type: pdf
Categories: Journal of African Elections
Tags: free and fair, HIV/AIDS, liberalisation, Liberia, Nigeria, sudan, UN human rights investigators
journal of african elections vol3 number 1 transparent democratic governance in africa