Electoral Alliances in Africa: What Do We Know, What Can We Do?

Under what circumstances do opposition parties form electoral alliances,
when are they successful, and how do they contribute to democratisation?
These are the leading questions in recent studies of opposition coalitions.
This article reviews the quantitative literature on pre-electoral coalitions
in Africa and beyond. Although differences in operationationalisation,
periodisation, case selection and research design hinder the accumulation
of knowledge, the tendency is for the quantitative literature to highlight
government policies, opposition features and the economy, whereas the
qualitative literature focuses on institutions. In addition, this article points
to the party system as a variable in its own right. Shifting from the empirical
to the prescriptive, the conclusion discusses an institutional innovation that
would help to strengthen opposition coalitions in Africa.

File Type: pdf
Categories: Journal of African Elections
Tags: African states, alliances, coalitions, ethno-linguistic, post-election, pre-election alliances
journal of african elections vol13 number 1 transparent democratic governance in africa