Tanzania: Civil society actors
Extracted from: Grant Masterson 2009 "Chapter 13: Tanzania and Zanzibar" IN Denis Kadima and Susan Booysen (eds) Compendium of Elections in Southern Africa 1989-2009: 20 Years of Multiparty Democracy, EISA, Johannesburg, 522.
Civil society engagement in the electoral process tends to focus on two major activities, namely: (1) civic and voter education; and (2) monitoring and observation of elections. For both activities, the most significant group which has participated in these activities since 1995 has been the Tanzanian Election Monitoring Committee (Temco), which organises local monitors throughout Tanzania and Zanzibar to monitor the elections. (In 1995 and 2000, local monitoring in Zanzibar was conducted by Zemco; in 2005, Zemco integrated into Temco and undertook joint monitoring of the elections.) Temco is supported financially by the international donor community, through a basket fund coordinated by the UNDP since 2000. Voter and civic education in Tanzania was made a function of the National Electoral Commission ahead of the 2005 elections; however, civil society continues to play a larger role in the distribution of voter education materials than the NEC is presently capable of, due to capacity and resource constraints within the NEC.
Tanzanian Election Monitoring Committee (Temco): [www] http://www.temco.udsm.ac.tz/ [opens new window] (accessed 8 Nov 2010).