Swaziland: Fact file

Updated February 2018

Name Kingdom of Swaziland
Area 17 363 sq km (Frame 2011, 1211)
Major cities Mbababe (capital), Manzini (Frame 2011, 1220)
Boundaries South Africa, Mozambique (Landlocked)
Population 1,287,000, 2015 est (World Health Organisation 2018a)
Pop growth 1.8%, 2016 est (World Bank 2018a)
Urbanisation 21%, 2010 est (IndexMundi 2012)
Life expectancy Female 61 yrs, male 57 yrs, 2018b est (World Health Organisation 2018b)
Infant mortality 48.4/1000, 2017 est (Index Mundi 2017)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 27.2%, 15-49 yr 2016 est (UNAIDS statistics 2018)
Adult literacy rate 83%, 2010 % of people ages 15 and above( World Bank 2018b)
Military expenditure 1.8% of GDP; 2014 (World Bank 2018)
Health expenditure 9.2% of GDP; 2014 (World Health Organisation 2018c)
Legal system Roman-Dutch law, traditional law (Dube & Magagula 2007)
Independence 6 September 1968 from UK
GDP US$4.3 billion, 2014 est (World Bank 2018d)
GDP per capita US$3,379 896 2014 est (World Bank 2018e)
GDP growth rate 1.9%, 2014 est (World Bank 2018f)
Main exports Chemicals, clothing, sugar, wood pulp and wood products (Frame 2011, 1223)
Currency 100 cents = 1 Lilangeni (Frame, 1222)
Unemployment 25.2%, 2016 (Trading economics 2018a)
Inflation rate 7%, 2017 (Swaziland Central Bank 2017/2018)
External debt ratio 8.9% of GDP 2016 (Trading economics 2018b)
Infrastructure Road3 594 km; railway 300km; airport 1 international (Matsapha) (Frame 2011, 1229; Swaziland Railway 2012)
Ethnic groups Swazis more than half the population, Europeans (Frame 2011,1220)
Languages Official languages Siswati, English. Others: Zulu, Tsonga, Afrikaans (Lewis 2009)
Religion Christian 60%, rest Islam and traditional beliefs (Frame 2011, 1226)


CENTRAL BANK OF SWAZILAND "Money and Banking Statistics December 2017/JANUARY 2018, [www] http://www.centralbank.org.sz/monetarypolicy/statistics/December2017January2018.pdf [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

DUBE, B & MAGAGULA, A "The Law and Legal Research in Swaziland" (Updated 2016) IN Globalex, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Swaziland1.html [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

IMF 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2011/afr/eng/sreo1011.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 29 October 2012).

INDEXMUNDI 2018 "Swaziland Infant mortality", [www] https://www.indexmundi.com/swaziland/infant_mortality_rate.html [opens new window] [Accessed 20 Feb 2018].

INDEXMUNDI 2012 "Swaziland Urbanization", [www] http://www.indexmundi.com/swaziland/urbanization.html [opens new window] (accessed 31 Oct 2012).

LEWIS, M P (ed) 2009 "Languages of Swaziland" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=SZ [opens new window] (accessed 29 October 2012).

SOUTHERN AFRICAN CUSTOMS UNION 2011 "SACU INFLATION REPORT", [www] http://www.sacu.int/publications/inflationreports/2011/april.pdf [PDF document, opens new window], April 2011.

SWAZILAND RAILWAY "History of Swaziland Railway - Then & Now", [www] http://www.swazirail.co.sz/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1&Itemid=1 [opens new window] (accessed 29 October 2012).

TRADING ECONOMICS 2018a "Swaziland unemployment rate" [www] https://tradingeconomics.com/swaziland/unemployment-rate [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

TRADING ECONOMICS 2018b "Swaziland total Public External Debt to GDP" [www] https://tradingeconomics.com/swaziland/government-debt-to-gdp [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK "Swaziland: Quick Facts", [www] http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/AFRICAEXT/SWAZILANDEXTN/0,,menuPK:375134~pagePK:141132~piPK:141109~theSitePK:375023,00.html [opens new window] (accessed 31 Oct 2012).

WORLD BANK 2018a"population growth", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=SZ [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018b "Swaziland: Literacy rate", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS?locations=SZ [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018c"Military Expenditure % of GDP", [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS?locations=SZ [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018d "Swaziland: GDP" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=SZ [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018e "Swaziland: GDP per capita" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=SZ [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018f "Swaziland: GDP growth rate" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=SZ [opens new window] [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 2018a "Swaziland statistics: Population", [www] [opens new window], [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 2018b "Swaziland statistics: Life expectancy", [www] [opens new window], [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 2018c "Swaziland statistics: Health expenditure % of GDP", [www] [opens new window], [Accessed 19 Feb 2018].

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION "Swaziland: Health Profile", [www] http://www.who.int/gho/countries/swz.pdf [PDF document, opens new window], May 2012.

UNAIDS "Swaziland HIV and AIDS prevalence", [www] http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/swaziland [opens new window],[Accessed 20 Feb 2018].