Sudan: Fact file

Updated November 2022

Name Republic of Sudan
Area 1.882 million sq km (UN Development Programme 2020)
Major towns Khartoum (capital), Omdurman, Khartoum North, Port Sudan (Frame 2011, 1196)
Boundaries Central African Republic (west), Chad (west), Lybia (west), Egypt (North), Red Sea (east), Eritrea (east), Ethiopia (east), Southern Sudan (South)
Population 46.87 million, 2022 est (UN Statistics Division 2022a)
Pop growth 2.6%, 2022 est (UN Statistics Division 2022b)
Urbanisation 36%, 2021 est. (World Bank 2018)
Life expectancy Female 68.2 yrs, male 63.0 yrs; 2022 est (UN Statistics Division 2022c, 2022d)
Infant mortality 37/1000, 2022 est (UN Statistics Division 2022e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 0.1%, 15-49 yr 2021 est (UN AIDS 2021a)
Adult literacy rate 61%, 2018 est. (World Bank 2018a)
Military expenditure 1.1%, 2021 (UN Statistics Division 2022f)
Health expenditure 9.5%, 2021 (World Bank 2019a)
Legal system British colonial penal law, Egyptian civil code, Islamic law, customary law (Parmar 2007)
Independence 1 January 1956 from Egypt and UK
GDP US$60.885 billion, 2020 (UN Statistics Division 2022g)
GDP per capita US$1,415, 2020 (UN Statistics Division 2022h)
GDP growth rate -0.3%, 2022 (IMF DataMapper 2022a)
Main exports Gold, crude petroleum, ground nuts, sheep and goat (OEC 2020)
Currency 1 Sudanese Dinar (SDD) = 10 Sudanese pounds (Frame 2011, 1197)
Unemployment 30.6%, 2022 (IMF DataMapper 2022b)
Inflation rate 154%, 2022 (IMF DataMapper 2022c)
External debt ratio 185.5%, (IMF DataMapper 2022d)
Infrastructure Railway 7,251 km; 16 (58 with paved runways); major ports 1
Ethnic groups Arab, African and Nubian (Government of Sudan 2011) Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Languages Official: Arabic, English. Other major: Bedawiyet and Fur (Lewis 2009)
Religion Majority Muslim and minority Christian (Frame 2011, 1204)

References

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN 2011 "About Sudan", 17 August, [www] http://www.sudan.gov.sd/en/index.php?option=com_contentîview=articleîid=50îItemid=67 (accessed 21 November 2022).

IMF 2022a "Real GDP growth" IN DataMapper, October [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/NGDP_RPCH@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD/SDN (accessed 21 November 2022)

IMF 2022b "Unemployment Rate" IN DataMapper, October [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/LUR@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD/SDN (accessed 21 November 2022)

IMF 2022c "Inflation rate, average consumer prices" IN DataMapper, October [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/PCPIPCH@WEO/OEMDC/SDN (accessed 21 November 2022)

IMF 2022d "General government gross debt" IN DataMapper, October [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/GGXWDG_NGDP@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD (accessed 22 November 2022)

LEWIS, M P (ed) 2009 "Languages of Sudan" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=SD (accessed 21 November 2022)

OEC 2020a "Exports", [www] https://oec.world/en/profile/country/sdn (accessed 21 November 2022)

PARMAR, S 2007 "An Overview of the Sudanese Legal System and Legal Research" IN GlobaLex, Hauser School of Law Programme, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Sudan.htm (accessed 23 November 2022).

UNITED NATIONS 2016 "Sudan National Trade Facilitation Roadmap 2017-2021: When Sudan eases trade, Sudanese trade" IN United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, [www] https://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/dtl_ttf_2016_TFRoadMap_Sudan_en.pdf (accessed 23 November 2022)

UN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME 2020 "Country factsheet: Sudan", [www] https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/sudan (accessed 18 November 2022)

UN AIDS 2021 "HIV Prevalence" IN UNData, 17 June, [www] https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/sudan (accessed 15 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022a "Total population, both sexes combined (thousands)" IN UNdata, 7 October, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=area&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 (accessed 18 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022b "Average annual rate of population change (percentage)" IN UNdata, 7 October, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 (accessed 18 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022c "Life expectancy at birth, females (years)" IN UNData, 7 October, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 (accessed 18 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022d "Life expectancy at birth, males (years)" IN UNData, 7 October, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 (accessed 18 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022e "Infant mortality rate, for both sexes combined (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)" IN UNData, 17 June, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=military+expenditure&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS (accessed 18 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022f "Military expenditure (% of GDP)" IN UNData, 10 November [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=military+expenditure&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS (accessed 18 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022g "GDP by Type of Expenditure at current prices - US dollars" UNData, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=gdp+per+capita&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 (accessed 21 November 2022)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2022h "Per capita GDP at current prices - US dollars" IN UNData, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=gdp+per+capita&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 (accessed 15 January 2020)

WORLD BANK 2018 "Urban population (% of total population) - Sudan" IN DataBank, [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS?locations=SD (accessed 18 November 2022)

WORLD BANK 2018a "Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) - Sudan" IN DataBank, [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS?locations=SD (accessed 18 November 2022)

WORLD BANK 2019a "Current health expenditure (% of GDP) - Sudan" IN DataBank, [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.CHEX.GD.ZS?locations=SD (accessed 18 November 2022)