Mali: Electoral system

Updated June 2020

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Legal and institutional framework


Legal basis Constitution of the Republic of Mali 1992, amended 1999 (briefly suspended in 2012)
Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale (Amendments up to 2018)
Loi 05-047 du 18 aout 2005 portant charte des partis politiques
Electoral system National Assembly elections: Two-Round system, block votes where parties submit lists in multi-member districts, the two highest party lists from the first round compete in the second, with the winning list gaining every seat in the district.[1]
Presidential elections: President is elected by absolute majority through universal adult franchise, runoff between top two candidates in event no candidate receives majority.[2]
Electoral management bodies (EMBs) National Election Commission (CENI) is tasked with supervision and monitoring of referendum operations, the election of the President of the Republic, deputies and councilors[3]
A civil court deals with issues regarding registration, while appeals are heard by Electoral Court; any voter, political party, group of political parties or representative of independent list may request cancellation of electoral operations by addressing his request to the President of the Court Supreme; electoral operations administrative court within the district deals with all election results related disputes [4]
Independence of EMBs CENI at national, regional, district, county and commune level. National: 10 members appointed by political parties, one by the religious community, one by members of the judiciary, one member by the bar association, one member by the civil society and one member by Women's Association[5]
General Delegate for Elections: Appointed by the president by decree[6]
Political parties The ECN is responsible for the registration of political parties; the register is maintained by the Minister responsible for Territorial Administration.[8]
Party funding: Public funding in proportion to their performance in the previous last parliamentary and municipal general elections as well as number of female deputies and councillors selected; Audit Division of the Supreme Court to audit financial statements relating to monies allocated; falsification of accounts by a party entails the loss of the right to public funding for the following year[9]
There are a number of legal requirements in terms of fund raising or accounting of funds expended in campaigns including having a bank account with a Malian bank and not providing falsified accounts[10]
Mass media Political parties are entitled access to state media organisations for the purpose of campaigning by National Committee for Equal Access to State Media[13]

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Election management


Election period and dates National Assembly and presidential elections every 5 years, not concurrent[14]
Voters are summoned and the polling date is fixed by decree taken by the Council of Ministers and published in the Official Journal sixty (60) days at least before the polling date[15]
Polls open at 08:00 and close at 18:00, voters present at voting stations allowed to vote[16]
Delimitation of constituencies 147 members, although Constitution does not mandate number of deputies[17]
Delimitation of constituencies for election of deputies is done by Communes of the District[18]
Voter registration and voters' rolls At least sixty days before polling day, voters summoned to voter registration on a date fixed by a decree taken by the Council of Ministers[19]
The list is kept at the level of the Commune, electoral lists established from biometric database and each voter is assigned National Identification Number (NINA) to identify new voters. Annual review from 1 October to 31 December. New lists can also be established after the completion of a census. Minister responsible for Administration Territorial can also order ad-hoc review of electoral lists. Revision done at Municipal level, at the level of embassy for overseas voters[20]
Civic and voter education Political parties and leaders are expected to take responsibility for voter education[21]
Candidate nomination Parliamentary Elections and presidential election: Any political party or coalition of parties can produce a candidate of a list of candidates. Independent applications are also allowed. Applicants on the list are required to, amongst other criteria, make a statement with their signatures. Timeframe determined by decree taken in the Council of Ministers[22]
Election observation The CENI is responsible for the management of national and international observers.[24]
Election campaigns CENI responsible for election campaign, electoral law makes no provision for a Code of Conduct[25]
Election for President and National Assembly takes place twenty-one days before polling day, sixteen days preceding referendum. Campaigning ends midnight before date of election. In the event of a second round, the electoral campaign begins the day after the final results of the first round and ends the day before the day before midnight ballot.[26]
Conflict prevention and management Minister responsible for Territorial Administration can sanction political parties, sanction can be overturned by a competent judge[27]
Secrecy of the ballot Use of mobile phone and any other device electronic voting is prohibited at polling stations until the end of the counting and sealing of the envelopes containing the minutes of vote counts.[29]
Disabled voters may ask polling officer for assistance[30]
Voting and counting process Upon entering the polling station, the voter presents his biometric voter card to the two assessors of the. Majority and Opposition. The card is scanned and the voter's identity is identified. Voter takes ballot paper, goes to the voting booth to put and votes. Voter enters polling station, takes an envelope, enters a fingerprint of cross next to his preferred candidate or list of candidates. Voter then goes to polling booth, booths must be arranged in a manner that ensures secrecy of the ballot. In case of referendum, before accessing voting booths the President declares that the voter has correct voting materials. After voting, voter dips finger in indelible ink and assessor stamps back of the voter card.[31]
Immediately after the close of poll, counting begins. The number of voters is verified. The ballot box is then opened. The signatures are verified on the back of each bulletin. Any ballots without signatures are considered null. If the number of unique ballots is greater or lesser than those with signatures, this is then recorded in the minutes. Counting then begins. The president distributes the ballot papers. Ballot paper counted by multiple officers. At least two counting officers officially note the results on the counting sheets.[32]
Announcement of results After counting, sealed envelopes are sent to the centralized voting commission. The sealed minutes of the vote count are then sent to the Governor of the District, ambassador in the case of overseas voting. Ballots are kept for three months after the.[33]
Candidates are allowed to monitor proceedings, candidates also have a right to deploy agents to monitor proceedings. Candidates and gents also have a right to the minutes containing all operations. Candidates and agents may not be expelled from the voting station except if they display disorderly conduct. Candidate and party agent may appeal.[34]
Immediately after the count, the chief presiding officer announces election results and displays the results at the polling station. A copy of the results are immediately given to each delegate of political party, group of parties politicians or independent candidates.[35]

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Table notes

[1] Constitution of the Republic of Mali 1992, Article 61; Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 158-160.
[2] Constitution of the Republic of Mali 1992, Article 30.
[3] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 3.
[4] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 177, 190, 205.
[5] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 4.
[6] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 25.
[7] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 7.
[8] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 25.
[9] Loi 05-047 du 18 aout 2005 portant charte des partis politiques, 29, 30.
[10] Loi 05-047 du 18 aout 2005 portant charte des partis politiques, 30.
[13] Loi 05-047 du 18 aout 2005 portant charte des partis politiques, 33, 34; Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 71
[14] Constitution of the Republic of Mali 1992, 30, 61.
[15] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 86.
[16] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 88.
[17] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 7.
[18] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 158.
[19] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 186.
[20] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 34, 40, 41 42.
[21] Loi 05-047 du 18 aout 2005 portant charte des partis politiques, 36.
[22] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 68.
[24] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 14.
[25] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 14.
[26] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 70.
[27] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 47.
[29] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 89.
[30] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 92.
[31] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 88-90.
[32] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 93-95.
[33] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 95.
[34] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 96.
[35] Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale, 97.

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References

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MALI 1992

Loi électorale n° 2018-014 du 23 Avril 2018 portant Loi Electorale (Amendments up to 2018)

Loi 05-047 du 18 aout 2005 portant charte des partis politiques