Mali: Fact file

Updated June 2020

Name Republic of Mali
Area 1 240 192 sq km (Frame 2011, 780)
Major cities Bamako (capital), Sikkasso, Ségou, Mopti, Koutiala, kayes (Frame 2011, 780)
Boundaries Mauritania, Algeria,Niger, Burkino Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal (landlocked)
Population 20.25 million, 2020 est (UN Statistics Division 2019a)
Pop growth 2.9%, 2020-2025 est (UN Statistics Division 2019b)
Urbanisation 43.1%, 2019 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 61.4 yrs, male 59.7 yrs; 2020-2025 est (UN Statistics Division 2019c, 2019d)
Infant mortality 57/1000, 2020-2025 est (UN Statistics Division 2019e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 1.4%, 15-49 yr 2018 (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention 2019)
Adult literacy rate 35%; 2018 (DataBank 2020a)
Military expenditure 2.9% of GDP; 2018 (UN Statistics Division 2020)
Health expenditure 3.8% of GDP; 2017 (DataBank 2020b)
Legal system Based on French legal system, legislation and customary law, predominantly local versions of Shari'a (Feiertag 2008)
Independence 20 June 1960 from France
GDP US$9.5 billion, 2018 (UN Statistics Division 2020a)
GDP per capita US$900, 2018 (UN Statistics Division 2020b)
GDP growth rate 1.5%, 2020 (IMF 2020)
Main exports Gold, cotton, food and live animals (Frame 2011, 783)
Currency 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc (Frame 2011, 782)
Unemployment 1.6% 2018 (DataBank 2020c)
Inflation rate 0.6%, 2020 est (IMF 2020a)
External debt ratio 25.1% of GDP est, 2020 (IMF 2019, 6)
Infrastructure Roadways 139,100 km; Railroads 600 km; Waterways 1,800 km; Airports 25 (Worlddata.info undated).
Ethnic groups Mande 50%, Fula 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5% (Encyclopaedia of Nations undated)
Languages Official: French; 66 lanuages, major: Bambara, Tamajag, Hasanya, Bomu, Bozo, Dogon, Fulfulde, Maninkakan, Tamasheq, Bamanankan, Soninke, Fulfulde, Sénoufo, Xaasongaxango, Songhay (Lewis et al 2013; ArcGIS 2018).
Religion Approximately 80% Muslim, 18% African Traditional, 2% Christian (Frame 2011, 787)

References

ArcGIS 2018 "Mali Languages", [www] https://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=b5b4f736b5714f32b12a0322e5405734 (accessed 10 Jun 2020).

CENTRE FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION 2019 "Mali Country Profile", [www] https://www.cdc.gov/globalhivtb/where-we-work/region/westafrica/mali/mali.html (accessed 12 Jun 2020).

ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF NATIONS UNDATED "Mali - Ethnic groups", [www] http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Mali-ETHNIC-GROUPS.html (accessed 11 Jun 2020).

FEIERTAG, S 2008 "Guide to Legal Research in Mali", [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/Globalex/Mali1.htm (accessed 12 Jun 2020).

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

IMF 2019 "IMF Country Report: Mali", [www] https://www.imf.org/~/media/Files/Publications/CR/2019/1MLIEA2019001.ashx (accessed 10 Jun 2020).

IMF 2020 IMF DataMapper, [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/NGDP_RPCH@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD/BWA/BDI (accessed 9 Jun 2020).

IMF 2020a IMF DataMapper, [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/PCPIPCH@WEO/GHA (accessed 9 Jun 2020).

LEWIS, M PAUL, GARY F SIMONS, AND CHARLES D FENNIG (eds) 2013. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Seventeenth edition, http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ML (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNdata, 17 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 (accessed 1 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019b "Population growth rate" IN UNdata, 17 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 (accessed 1 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 (accessed 1 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 (accessed 1 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 (accessed 1 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019 "Adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate" IN UNdata, [www] https://www.cdc.gov/globalhivtb/where-we-work/region/westafrica/mali/mali.html%3a73 (accessed 1 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2020a "GDP" IN UNdata, 10 Feb, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aNCU%3bpcFlag%3a0 (accessed 8 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2020b "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 (accessed 26 Jun 2013).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2020 "Military expenditure" IN UNdata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS (accessed 8 Jun 2020).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Mali", [www] http://data.un.org/en/index.html (accessed 2 Jun 2020).

WORLD BANK 2020a "Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) - Mali" IN DataBank, [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS?locations=ML (accessed 10 Jun 2020).

WORLD BANK 2020b "Current health expenditure (% of GDP) - Mali" IN DataBank, [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.CHEX.GD.ZS?end=2016&locations=ML&start=2000&view=chart (accessed 8 Jun 2020).

WORLD BANK 2020c "Unemployment, total (% of total labor force) (national estimate)" IN DataBank, [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.NE.ZS (accessed 12 Jun 2020).

WORLD DATA UNDATED "Transport and infrastructure in Mali", [www] https://www.worlddata.info/africa/mali/transport.php (accessed 9 Jun 2020).