Malawi: Fact file

Updated February 2019

Name Republic of Malawi
Area 118 484 sq km (Frame 2011, 744)
Major cities Lilongwe (capital), Blantyre, Mzuzu, Zomba, Karonga, Kasungu, Mangochi, Salima (Frame 2011, 753)
Boundaries Mozambique, Zambia, Tanzania (Landlocked)
Population 19.165 million, 2018 est (UN Statistical Division 2017a)
Pop growth 2.9%, 2010 - 2018 est (UN Statistical Division 2017a)
Urbanisation 17.2%, 2018 est (UN Population Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 66.31 yrs, male 61.12 yrs; 2015-2020 est (UN Statistical Division 2017b)
Infant mortality 59.2/1000, 2015-2020 (UN Statistical Division 2017c)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 10%, 15-49 yrs 2017 (UN Statistical Division 2018)
Adult literacy 62%; 2015 (UNESCO Undated)
Military expenditure 0.77% of GDP; 2017 (UN Statistical Division 2019a)
Health expenditure 10% of GDP; 2018 (WHO 2019b)
Legal system Constitutional law, legislation, common law, customary law, religious law, and customary international law (Kapindu 2019)
Independence 6 July 1964, from United Kingdom
GDP US$5.267 billion, 2018 est (UN Statistical Division 2019c)
GDP per capita US$340, 2017 (UN Statistical Division 2019d)
GDP growth 3%, 2018 est (UN Statistical Division undated)
Main exports Raw Tobacco, 59%; Gold, 8.9%; Raw sugar, 8.1%; Tea, 7.1%; Dried Legumes, 5.3%; Ground Nuts, 1.1% (Observatory of Economic Complexity, 2016)
Currency 100 Tambala = 1 Kwacha (Frame 2011, 755)
Unemployment 6.1%, 2018 (UN Statistical Division undated)
Inflation 9.9, 2018 (Reserve Bank of Malawi 2019)
External debt ratio 57.6%, 2017 (IMF Data Mapper 2018)
Infrastructure Road 15 500 km; railway 797 km; airport 2 international and 3 domestic (Frame 2011, 765)
Ethnic groups Main groups are Chewa (36%), Lomwe (18%), Wayao (14%), Ngoni (12%), Tumboka (9%), Nyanja (6%), Others 5% (Too 2018)
Languages Official English, national Nyanja (Chewa), Tumbuka. Others Yao, Nyakyusa-Ngonde, Sena, Kokola, Lomwe, Ndali, Lambya (Simons & Fennig 2018)
Religion Christian 82.7%, Muslim ±13% (Frame 2011, 760)

References

FRAME, I (ed) 2011 Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

IMF 2008 "General Government Gross Debt" IN Data Mapper, [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/GGXWDG_NGDP@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD/MWI (accessed 13 Feb 2019).

KAPINDU, RE 2019 "Malawi: Legal System and Research Resources" IN GlobaLex, Hauser Global Law School Program, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Malawi1.html [opens new windom] (accessed 13 Feb 2019).

OBSERVATORY OF ECONOMIC COMPLEXITY OF MIT Undated, "Malawi" [www] https://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/mwi/ (accessed 12 Feb 2019).

RESERVE BANK OF MALAWI 2019 "Detailed Inflation Figured" in Inflation Rates, [www] https://www.rbm.mw/Statistics/InflationRates (accessed 12 Feb 2019).

SIMONS, GF & FENNIG, CD (eds) 2018 "Languages of Malawi" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Twenty-first edition, Dallas, Texas: SIL International, [www] https://www.ethnologue.com/country/MW/languages (accessed 13 Feb 2019).

TOO, KK 2018 "Ethnic Groups Of Malawi", IN WorldAtlas, [www] https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/ethnic-groups-of-malawi.html (accessed 13 Feb 2019).

UNESCO Undated "Adult Literacy Rate" in Education and Literacy, [www] http://uis.unesco.org/en/country/MW#slideoutmenu (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2017 "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision" IN undata, 7 Dec, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2017a "Average annual rate of population change (percentage)" IN undata, 7 Dec, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION Undated "Urban population" IN undata [www] http://data.un.org/en/iso/mw.html (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2017b "Life expectancy at birth, females (years)" IN undata, 7 Dec, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2017c "Infant mortality rate, for both sexes combined" IN undata, 7 Dec, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a77 (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2015 "HIV Prevalence" IN undata, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=UNAIDS&f=inID%3a36 (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019 "Military expenditure" IN undata, 9 Jan, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3aMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019a "GDP by Type of Expenditure at current prices" IN undata, 15 Jan, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=gdp&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aNCU%3bpcFlag%3a0 (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019b "GDP Per Capita" IN undata, 15 Jan, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 (accessed 11 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION Undated "GDP growth rate" IN undata, [www] http://data.un.org/en/iso/mw.html (accessed 12 Feb 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION Undated "Unemployment rate" IN undata, [www] http://data.un.org/en/iso/mw.html (accessed 12 Feb 2019).

WHO UNDATED, "Current Health Expenditure" in WHO Global Health Data Expenditure Database, [www] http://apps.who.int/nha/database/ViewData/Indicators/en (accessed 11 Feb 2019).