Madagascar: Fact file

Updated February 2018

Name Republic of Madagascar
Area 587 295 sq km (Frame 2011, 714)
Major cities Antananarivo (capital), Toamasina, Antsirabé, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toliary, Antsiranana (Frame 2011, 729)
Boundaries Indian Ocean (island)
Population 25,054,161 2017 est (CIA world factbook 2018)
Pop growth 2.6%, 2016 est (World Bank 2018a)
Urbanisation 35.1%, 2015 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 68.6 yrs, male 64.8 yrs; 2015-2020 est (UN Statistics Division 2018a, 2018b)
Infant mortality 41/1000, 2010-2015 est (UN Statistics Division 2011e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 0.2%, 15-49 yr 2016 est (UNAIDS 2018)
Adult literacy rate 64%; 2005-2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2012c)
Military expenditure 0.6% of GDP; 2016 (World Bank 2018e)
Health expenditure 3% of GDP; 2014 (World Bank 2018f)
Legal system French civil law system and traditional Malagasy law (NationMaster undated)
Independence June 26, 1960, from France
GDP US$10 billion, 2016 est (World Bank 2018b)
GDP per capita US$401 742, 2016 est (World Bank 2018c)
GDP growth rate 4.18%, 2016 est (World Bank 2018d)
Main exports Vanilla, Raw nickel (OEC 2016)
Currency 5 iraimbilanja = 1 ariary (Frame 2011, 731)
Unemployment 1.8% 2015 (World Bank 2018g)
Inflation rate 8.1%, 2010 (UN Statistics Division 2012g)
External debt ratio 27.0% of GDP, 2010 (IMF 2011, 92)
Infrastructure Road 49 837 km; railway 893 km; airport 211 airfields (Frame 2011, 741-742)
Ethnic groups The major ethnic fault line runs between the people of highland orgin (Merina, Betsileo) and the people of coastal origin (côtiers - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety & Antandroy) (Frame 2011, 714)
Languages Official: French, English; National: Malagasy
Religion Christians ±41%, Muslims ±7%, more than 50% Traditional beliefs (Frame 2011, 737)

References

CIA WORLD FACTBOOK 2018 "Madagascar population" [www] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

IMF 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2011/afr/eng/sreo1011.pdf, [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 18 Oct 2012).

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

WORLD BANK 2018a "Madagascar population growth" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=MG [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018b "Madagascar GDP" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=MG [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018c "Madagascar GDP per capita" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=MG [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018d "Madagascar GDP growth" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=MG&view=chart [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018e "Madagascar military expenditure % of GDP" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS?locations=MG [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018f "Madagascar health expenditure % of GDP" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.TOTL.ZS?locations=MG [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

WORLD BANK 2018f "Madagascar Unemployment" [www] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.NE.ZS?locations=MG [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

UNAIDS 2018 "HIV/AIDS prevalence 15- 49 yrs", [www] http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/madagascar [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2018a "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNdata, 20 Aug 2013, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2018b "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNdata, 20 Aug 2013, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2018c "Adult literacy rate" IN UNdata, 19 June 2013, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Adult+literacy&d=SOWC&f=inID%3a74 [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2018e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNdata, 20 Aug 2013, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=INFANT+MORTALITY++RATE&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a77 [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].

OBSERVATORY of ECONOMIC COMPLEXITY 2016 "Madagascar Exports" [www] https://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/mdg/#Exports [opens new window] [Accessed 21 Feb 2018].