Updated September 2019
|CONSTITUTION||Adopted on 30 September 1966; last amended 2006|
|FORM OF STATE||Republic|
|HEAD OF STATE||The President is the Head of State, Head of Government and the Commander in Chief of the armed forces
The President is elected by the National Assembly after each parliamentary election
The President is restricted to ten years in office and all presidential candidates must be over 30 years of age and receive at least 1 000 nominations
|EXECUTIVE||Executive power lies with the President who exercises it through the Vice-President and the Cabinet; all appointed by the President|
|LEGISLATURE||Legislative power is vested in Parliament, consisting of the President and the National Assembly, acting in certain cases after consultation with the House of Chiefs
The National Assembly has 61 elected seats; 57 members directly elected by universal adult suffrage, together with 4 members who are elected by the National Assembly from a list of candidates submitted by the President; the President and the Attorney General are ex officio members of the Assembly and the life of the Assembly is five years
The House of Chiefs (advisory body) comprises the Chiefs of the eight principle tribes of Botswana, four members elected by sub-chiefdoms and three specially elected members
|JUDICIARY||The court system comprises a High Court, a Court of Appeal and magistrates courts
The Chief Justice and the President of the Court of Appeal are appointed by the President, while judges are appointed by the President on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission
Judges are removable by the President for incompetence or misbehaviour only on the advice of a special tribunal
|AMENDMENTS||Sections 30-44, 47-51, 56, 77-79, 85, 117-120, 127 and sections 57, 63-67, 86-89, 90(2)-(3), 91(2)-(5), 92 and 95-107 require a two-thirds majority in the Assembly to be amended|
 Constitution of Botswana 1966.
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Sections 47, 48.
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Section 32.
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Section 33.
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Sections 47, 49, 50. If a vote of no confidence in the government is passed by the Assembly, unless the President resigns, Parliament is dissolved (Section 92).
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Sections 57, 85, 88(2)
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Section 58, 91, Schedule.
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Section 77.
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Sections 95, 99, 104(b).
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Sections 96(1), (2), 100(1), (2).
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Sections 97, 101.
 Constitution of Botswana 1966, Section 89. These entrenched sections deal with the office of President, the Cabinet, the House of Chiefs, national finances, the election of the National Assembly and the judiciary.
CONSTITUTION OF BOTSWANA 1966, with amendments up to 2006.