Botswana: Fact file

Updated October 2019

Name Republic of Botswana
Area 581 730 sq km (Frame 2011, 126)
Major cities Gaborone (capital), Francistown, Molepolole, Selebi-Phikwe, Maun, Serowe, Kanye (Frame 2011, 137)
Boundaries Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Zambia (landlocked)
Population 2.303 million, 2019 est (UN Statistics Division 2019a)
Pop growth 2.07%, 2015-2020 est (UN Statistics Division 2019b)
Urbanisation 69.4%, 2018 est (UN Statistics Division undated)
Life expectancy Female 71.9 yrs, male 66.0 yrs; 2015-2020 est (UN Statistics Division 2019c, 2019d)
Infant mortality 30/1000, 2015-2020 est (UN Statistics Division 2019e)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 20.3%, 15-49 yr 2018 est (UN Statistics Division 2019f)
Adult literacy rate 87%, 2014 est (UN Educational Scientific Cultural and Organisation 2019g)
Military expenditure 3% of GDP, 2017 (UN Statistics Division 2019h)
Health expenditure 4% of GDP, 2018 (UN Children's Fund 2018)
Legal system Roman Dutch, customary law (Booi 2006)
Independence 30 September 1966 (from UK)
GDP US$17.406 billion, 2010 est (UN Statistics Division 2019i)
GDP per capita US$7,596, 2017 est (UN Statistics Division 2019j)
GDP growth rate 3.9%, 2018 est (IMF DataMapper 2019)
Main exports Diamonds, copper nickel, textiles, soda meat, electrical and industrial machinery, inorganic chemicals (Frame 2011, 135; Global Edge, Undated)
Currency 100 Thebe = 1 Pula (Frame 2011, 138)
Unemployment 17.9%, 2018 (CEIC Data 2019)
Inflation rate 2.9%, 2019 (Bank of Botswana 2019)
External debt ratio 12.8% of GDP, 2019 (IMF 2019a)
Infrastructure Road 31 746 km; railway 888 km (from S.A to Botstwana); airport 7 airports (Statistics Botswana 2017, 7, 74-74; African Development Bank Group 2015, 58)
Ethnic groups Tswana 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, Kgalagadi 3%, White African 3%, other 1% (CIA 2019)
Languages Official: English and Tswana; others include Kalangu, Kgalagadi, Herero, Mbukushu, and 25 smaller groups (Eberhard 2019)
Religion Christian 79%, no religious affiliation 15%, Badimo traditional religion 4%, other 1% (US State Department 2017)

References

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK 2015 "Overview of the railways business models in the selected countries" IN Rail Infrastructure in Africa, [www] https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Events/ATFforum/Rail_Infrastructure_in_Africa_-_Financing_Policy_Options_-_AfDB.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 3 Oct 2019).

BANK OF BOTSWANA 2019 "Interest Rates" IN Bank of Botswana, [www] http://www.bankofbotswana.bw/indicators/tabular_inflations (accessed 3 Oct 2019).

BOOI, L 2006 "Botswana's Legal System and Legal Research" IN Hauser Global Law School Program, [www] http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Botswana.htm (accessed 7 Oct 2019).

BOTSWANA BUDGET BRIEF 2018: HEALTH 2018 "Botswana Budget Brief 2018" IN UNICEF, [www] https://www.unicef.org/esaro/UNICEF-Botswana-2018-Health-Budget-Brief.pdf (accessed 7 Oct 2019).

CEIC DATA 2019 "Botswana Unemployment Rate" IN CEIC, [www] https://www.ceicdata.com/en/indicator/botswana/unemployment-rate (accessed 8 Oct 2019).

CIA 2019 "Ethnic Groups" IN The World Factbook, [www] href=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bc.html (accessed 8 Oct 2019).

EBERHARD, D M (ed) 2019 "Languages of Botswana" IN Ethnologue: Languages of the World, sixteenth edition, [www] https://www.ethnologue.com/country/BW/languages (accessed 7 Oct 2019).

FRAME, I 2011 (ed) Africa South of the Sahara 2011, Routledge.

GLOBAL EDGE UNDATED "Botswana: Trade Statistics" IN MSU, [www] https://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/botswana/tradestats#source_1 (accessed 1 Oct 2019)

IMF 2019, "Real GDP gowth" IN IMF DataMapper, [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/NGDP_RPCH@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD/BWA (accessed 9 Oct 2019)

IMF 2019a, "General government gross debt" IN IMF DataMapper, [www] https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/GGXWDG_NGDP@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD (accessed 2 Oct 2019).

STATISTICS BOTSWANA 2017, "Transport & Infrastructure Statistics Report 2017" IN Statistics Botswana, [www] http://www.statsbots.org.bw/sites/default/files/2017%20Transport%20%20Infrastructure%20Statistics%20Report.pdf (accessed 3 October 2019)

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019a "Total population, both sexes combined" IN UNData, 17 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a12 (accessed 30 Sep 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019b "Population growth rate" IN UNData, 17 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Population&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a47 (accessed 30 Sep 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019c "Life expectancy at birth, females" IN UNData, 17 Jun [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a67 (accessed 30 Sep 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019d "Life expectancy at birth, males" IN UNData, 17 Jun [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Life+expectancy&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3a66 (accessed 30 Sep 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019e "Infant mortality rate" IN UNData, 17 Jun, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=MExico&d=PopDiv&f=variableID%3A77%3BcrID%3A484 (accessed 30 Sep 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019f "HIV and AIDS Estimates" IN UNAids, [www] https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/botswana (accessed 30 Sep 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019j "Per capita GDP at current prices" IN UNData, 15 Jan, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a1 (accessed 1 Oct 2019).

UN EDUCATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION 2019g "Adult Literacy Rate" IN UNData, September, [www] http://uis.unesco.org/country/BW#slideoutmenu (accessed 1 Oct 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019h "Military expenditure" IN UNData, 10 Jul, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3AMS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS (accessed 1 Oct 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION 2019i "GDP" IN UNData, 15 Jan, [www] http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=GDP&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3a101%3bcurrID%3aUSD%3bpcFlag%3a0 (accessed 7 Oct 2019).

UN STATISTICS DIVISION UNDATED "Botswana" IN UNData, [www] http://data.un.org/en/iso/bw.html (accessed 8 Oct 2019).

US DEPARTMENT OF STATE 2017a "2016 Report on International Religious Freedom: Botswana Botswana" IN 2016 Report on International Religious Freedom, [www] http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2010/148664.htm (accessed 8 October 2019)