EISA Madagascar: Legislature-CSO interactions


Review meeting on the social dialogue held in Atsimo Atsinanana region

2 Sep 2020

EISA conducted a review meeting with the stakeholders who took part in the 2019 Atsimo Atsinanana social dialogue on September 2, 2020. The review was conducted in two steps, the first step consisted of conducting the review with civil society organisations from the region via telephone during the month of August. The second step consisted of a face-to-face review meeting with MPs from the region in Antananarivo.

Three MPs among the seven who participated in the review meeting had participated in the initial social dialogue, including the vice-president of the National Assembly. The objective of the follow-up was to draw lessons from the dialogue and follow-up with the actions taken by stakeholders during the first dialogue. A common agreement during the review was the innovative aspect of the dialogue held in the region and the usefulness of the discussions in some other relevant issues of the region.

National Assembly members accountability tracking tool

Mar & Jun 2020

As part of the steps in developing a tracking tool, consultative meetings with local civil society organisations monitoring parliament were held in March. The tracking tool aims to provide an objective assessment of the accountability of National Assembly members to their constituents. These discussions explored areas of cooperation between EISA, CSOs and other partners of the National Assembly.

In June, a small working group with National Assembly staff was set up to ensure their adherence to the approach, develop strategies to gain MPs' confidence and ownership and determine the criteria and methodologies to build the tool. Research on the different parliamentary benchmarks and the steps required to develop the tools were also conducted and further discussions were held with international organisations with past experiences in this field. These interactions were conducted via email, whereas ZOOM meetings were held where participants had internet access.


Participants in the dialogue betwen CSOs and MPs on women's inheritance rights in Atsimo Atsinanana region
Dialogue betwen CSOs and MPs on women's inheritance rights in Atsimo Atsinanana region

Nov 2019

Despite the legal provisions regarding the equal rights in inheritance in Madagascar, women from the Atsimo Andrefana regions do not benefit from these rights and are left out in the inheritance process. The social dialogue was held in Farafangana on 12 and 13 November, capital of the Atsimo Atsinanana region in order to raise awareness about the issues but also to discuss potential strategies regarding the application of the law despite cultural and society's norms.

Participants in the dialogue betwen CSOs and MPs on women's inheritance rights in Atsimo Atsinanana region

The dialogue convened legislators, civil society organisations, local executive branch and traditional leaders from the region. Following the dialogue, all the stakeholders agreed to end the discrimination regarding inheritance toward women in the region by signing a joint action plan.

Open house days of the National Assembly

A Parliament Open House Day was also organized in parallel with the social dialogue on women's inheritance rights in the Atsimo Atsinanana region. It is one of EISA's new strategy to hold a small parliament open house day with social dialogues meetings to inform voters about the National assembly and MPs' role and functions.


Follow-up action on the social dialogue held in Anosy and Atsimo Andrefana

21-22 Aug 2017

On August 21 and 22, a follow-up to the social dialogue held in Anosy in 2016 was held in Antananarivo and Fort-Dauphin. Several interviews sessions was held between MPs and CSOs to evaluate the impact of the social dialogue on the CSOs and to see how it has improved the dialogue between the MPs and the CSOs. CSOs noted that they face challenges in reaching their objectives due to the lack of resources, capacity and acceptance by the community as they perceive that MPs are undermining their efforts. The social dialogue exchange also identified the need for CSOs and elected representatives to remain in constant communication and to support CSOs by empowering them to ensure the sustainability of the dialogue. A further recommendation was that the social dialogue sessions should take place before each parliamentary session so that MPs are aware of local concerns and needs.

Social dialogue between MPs and civil society organization from Atsimo Andrefana
Social dialogue between Atsimo Andrefana MPs and civil society

Jul 2017

On 4th and 5th July, a two day social dialogue was convened between MPs and CSOs from the Atsimo Andrefana region in Tulear, following requests from CSOs who had attended previous social dialogue sessions. This fifth social dialogue session adopted a new dialogue format whereby local government representatives such as the head of the Atsimo Andrefana region, were included. The first day of the workshop focused on the presentation of the role and function of both MPs and CSOs along with a session on MPs accountability. The second day was mainly an opportunity for exchange and dialogue. The topic of the DINA was the centre of the discussion as insecurity (in regard to livestock theft) is the main concern of all the constituencies within the region. At the end of the workshop, a joint plan of action was signed between CSOs and MPs to ensure the continuity of the dialogue.

Civil Society - Parliament Engagement


Social dialogue between MPs and CSOs

Jun 2016

A social dialogue between MPs and Civil Society Organisations, facilitated by EISA was held in Tolagnaro, a city on the southeast coast of Madagascar, on 20 June 20 2016. The aim of the workshop was to create space for dialogue between MPs and local CSOs to create opportunities for strengthening citizen participation and engagement with MPs thereby promoting accountability of elected representatives to encourage good governance.

Civil Society - Parliament Engagement

The first part of the event consisted of knowledge updating on the representative role of MPs and the relationship between MPs and CSOs in the democratic process and in MPs parliamentary work.

Discussions on topics related to local issues selected by CSOs were held in the afternoon under the topic good governance". At the end of the workshop, a partnership agreement between CSOs and MPs was signed to continue with the dialogue.

This social dialogue was initiated by EISA and the first such dialogue was held in Toamsina between MPs and CSOs in Toamasina in December 2015. An innovation of June 20 workshop was the signature of the partnership agreement.


CSOs voter education supported

Malagasy CSOs were equipped with the skills necessary to inform and educate the electorate using voter sensitisation materials developed by EISA in partnership with the CENI-T. Besides training, documents produced in support of CSOs provided voters with information in French and Malagasy on how, where and when to register, as well as how to check the voter lists and ensure they have been duly included. All voter information and education materials produced by EISA for the CSOs were vetted by the CENI-T to ensure accuracy and consistency.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed between EISA and 10 CSOs which were tasked with conducting the campaign. During the campaign:

  • 166 voter information and education agents were mobilized
  • 1000 voter sensitisation handbooks (500 in French and 500 in Malagasy) providing information and guidelines on how to implement voter outreach activities at the grassroots level, were produced and distributed to CSOs representatives in all the 22 regions of Madagascar
  • 352 voter awareness and sensitization stands were set up and 66 caravans were dispatched
  • 145 banners, 7086 posters, 7084 leaflets, 2200 bookmarks with voter education slogans and 5000 T-shirts were used
Capacity of CSOs to effectively observe the electoral process enhanced

EISA, within the framework of a joint project with the European Center for Electoral Support (ECES) and Electoral Reform International Services (ERIS), provided technical assistance to two CSO platforms, namely Mahitsy Fijery (or Direct Observation) and Socle (Citizen's monitoring and observation for the transparency of the elections) in planning, coordination and deployment of non-partisan citizen observers during the October and December elections. Through this support the two platforms deployed 1600 observers and 2500 observers respectively. Both platforms issued statements and declarations through which they provided their assessment of the conduct of the electoral process.

This assistance was given in line with EISA's strategy to enhance the capacities of CSOs to observe the electoral process throughout the entire electoral cycle starting with selected observable pre-electoral activities such as voter registration.


CSOs capacity to effectively observe the electoral process enhanced

Leading up to the forth coming elections and in support of contributing to a peaceful election, EISA conducted a workshop to build the capacity of local citizen observation stakeholders and provided them with exposure to international best practices and principles of international electoral observation. Training was conducted in Antananarivo from 19 to 21 September 2012 with 72 participants, including 45 women and 27 men. The workshop excited a great deal of interest and was attended by high level participants drawn from the CENIT, representatives of the Ministry of Home affairs, the President's Office, Members of Parliament, members of the VMLF (the women's network that EISA assisted in establishing) both at the national and regional level office, members of civil society, members of political parties and journalists.

Further to this, EISA responded to a request from CSOs involved in citizen observation for support in citizen observation mission planning and coordination. A workshop was held on 23 November 2012 on issues pertaining to electoral codes of conduct for non-partisan observers. 15 CSOs involved in citizen observation activities sent 28 representatives to this workshop, including 13 women. Through the workshop participants were familiarised with the role codes of conduct play in safeguarding the integrity, the non-partisanship character and credibility of election observation. CSOs at the workshop agreed upon and adopted a common code of conduct for all CSOs willing to share the same methodology in observing the upcoming general elections in Madagascar. The workshops also enabled CSOs to develop a common deployment plan for a nationwide citizen observer mission, which will include observers drawn from a wide range of CSOs and be able to observe all phases of the electoral process.


CSO's engagement in civic and voter education strengthened

Working closely with three local civil society organisations, namely Acces Zon'olombelona, Andrimaso FFKM and Komity Mpanaramaso ny Fifidianana Comité National d'Observation des Elections (KMF/CNOE), EISA and our partners developed a civic and voter education manual. Using the cascade approach EISA and our partners trained 44 participants in a train the trainer course on how to use the manual as well as facilitation skills. These facilitators conducted workshops in six regions, including Bongolava, Melaky, Analanjorofo, Farafangana and Diana. Participants were extremely responsive and highlighted that they had not previously been exposed to the material contained in this course. An added benefit was the experience and exposure that the 44 facilitators gained by conducting workshops and the opportunity to practice their skills.


Civil Society - Parliament Engagement
Civil Society - Parliament Engagement

In Antananrivo, on 1-2 September 2008, EISA's held a two day workshop with national civil society organisations (CSOs) in Antananarivo on 1 and 2 September 2008 on the theme: Civil Society - Parliament Relations. 30 national CSO participants are expected to attend the workshop which will provide them with knowledge on how they can contribute to participatory democracy through interacting with their parliament. Topics covered were:

  • Civil society participation and parliament in perspective
  • Influencing policy and law making
  • Understanding advocacy and lobbying
  • Budgeting and finances for civil society

On 5 November 2008 a parliamentarian's workshop was held in Antananarivo, as well as a dialogue between parliamentarians and civil society organisations on 6 November. The workshop focused on the core functions of a parliamentarian i.e. oversight, legislation and representation. The policy dialogue brought together the 30 parliamentarians attending the workshop and representatives of national CSOs with a view to putting in place mechanisms for improved Parliament civil society engagement.