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International Benchmarks


Global benchmarks

The Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation and Code of Conduct for International Observers



African Union benchmarks

OAU/AU Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa, African Union, 2002

The African Charter on Democracy, Election and Governance, adopted by African Union on 30 January 2007

Guidelines for African Union Election Observation and Monitoring Missions.

Guidelines on Access to Information and Elections in Africa



East African Community benchmark

EAC Principles for Election Observation and Evaluation (Guidelines for EAC Election Observation Missions; Code of Conduct for Election Observers), November 2012, Arusha



Economic Community of West African States benchmark

Protocol A/SP1/12/01 on Democracy and Good Governance Supplementary to the Protocol relating to the Mechanism For Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security, Dakar, December 2001



International Conference on the Great Lakes Region benchmark

Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance, 1st December 2006



Southern African Development Community benchmarks

Revised Principles for Election Management, Monitoring & Observation in the SADC Region

SADC Model Law on Elections Adopted by the SADC Parliamentary Forum Plenary Assembly on 4 December 2018, Maputo, Mozambique

SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections [Revised, 2015], Adopted by the Ministerial Committee of the Organ (MCO) on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation on 20 July 2015 Pretoria

SADC Protocol on Gender and Development, Johannesburg, 17 August 2008

SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections [Revised, 2015], Adopted by the Ministerial Committee of the Organ (MCO) on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation on 20 July 2015 Pretoria

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